Applied Behavioural Analysis
ABA or Applied Behavioural Analysis, is a teaching approach that is based on the principles of behaviour analysis. It is often used as an intervention for children who have an Autism Spectrum Condition. These principles include creating motivation to learn, rewarding and reinforcing skills that we wish to see increase, and discouraging behaviours that are negative or disruptive. An ABA programme will break down skills into small parts, so that they are easier to learn. An example of this is if a child is learning how to fasten his coat zip, an ABA programme may initially teach him how to put the two zips together, before it is even put on his body. The skills he is learning will then get more complicated as he progresses.
Applied Behavioural Analysis programmes can help children to learn many different skills including:
- motivation to learn
- motivation to interact
- self help and independence (e.g. toilet training)
- play skills
- behaviour management
- language and communication skills
An ABA programme is usually started within a child's home, with therapy sessions being carried out intensively by ABA tutors. An ABA programme is managed and supervised by a Board Certified Behaviour Analyst (BCBA); this is someone who has a masters degree in behaviour analysis, and they are responsible for setting new programmes (targets), implementing behaviour management plans and supervising the whole ABA team. ABA programmes can also be implemented within the child's school environment.
There is a very large amount of research that supports positive outcomes of learning and independence for children that have access to Applied Behavioural Analysis interventions.
How we can help
Many of our therapists here at Eg (Training) Ltd have experience and knowledge of working together with ABA professionals and tutors as part of a child's intervention team. They also are experienced at working to support ABA teams to implement and undertake speech and language therapy targets and goals. Contact us for more information regarding ABA, and how speech therapy can enrich your ABA programme.