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There are two main types of stroke.
Ischaemic strokes happen when something blocks an artery that carries blood to the brain. There are several possible causes:
  • a blood clot forms in a main artery to the brain
  • a blood clot, air bubble or fat deposit forms in a blood vessel and is carried to the brain
  • there is a blockage in the tiny bloody vessels deep inside the brain.
Haemorrhagic strokes happen when a blood vessel bursts and bleeds in to the brain (a haemorrhage). The haemorrhage may be due to:
  • a vessel bursting within the brain itself, or
  • a blood vessel on the surface of the brain bleeding into the area between the brain and the skull.
A stroke can also be termed as a brain attack.


Strokes affect people in different ways, depending on the part of the brain that is affected, how widespread the damage is and how healthy the person was before the stroke. A stroke can affect the way your body functions as well as your thought processes and how you feel and communicate.

If a stroke has damaged the parts of the brain responsible for language there can be difficulties with communicating.

Stroke can also cause communication and swallowing issues if muscles in the face, tongue or throat are impaired.

The main conditions through which a stroke can affect communication and eating and drinking are: A stroke can also have an emotional impact and can cause problems such as anxiety, depression or changes to your personality and behaviour.

How we can help

Every person following a stroke has a different profile of strengths and needs. Our therapists will work with you completing assessments to enable a comprehensive understanding of your needs be gained. We will then help to support your rehabilitation, taking a holistic approach and always considering the bigger picture. We will work closely with your family and other professionals to help them to support you and understand how they can aid you.

Our Speech and Language Therapists can also help with eating, drinking and swallowing difficulties. They can also advise on Alternative and Augmentative Communication systems e.g.: a communication aid.

Therapy techniques and resources will be specific to your individual needs.

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